If Geeta says that God lives in every human heart and direct him/her for actions. Why do humans do bad things?

Let me first answer the first part: the Bhagavad Gita says that God lives in every human heart. Then, I will answer your second part: Why do humans do bad things?

Here is the exact verse that states that God lives in every human heart:

“God lives in the heart of every being” (Bhagavad Gita 18-61)

ईश्वरः सर्वभूतानां हृद्देशेऽर्जुन तिष्ठति ॥ १८ -६१॥

Ishvara sarvabhootaanaan hrddesherjun tishthati. ॥ 18–61॥

This human body is the church, temple, mosque, or synagogue of the living God. Everyone should become aware that God has fully manifested within him/her.

God, who is present in all places, at all times, and in all things, must be present in this place, at this time, and in this thing. So it follows that God is present within each of us. If God is not within, God is nowhere else.

To know God exists is not enough. You should experience this God within. For example, the only way a piece of salt could know the sea is by becoming the sea. In Samadhi (union with the Absolute), the last of Patanjali’s eight limbs, God is experienced. Once you experience God within you, you will be able to see God everywhere.

Our great sages have declared that God lives within, so it makes perfect sense to turn within to experience God. Given below are quotes that refer to the true religion of oneness, which if understood rightly by Christians, Jews, Hindus, Muslims, and so on, there will no reason for a religious fight anymore.

The kingdom of God is within you.” (Luke 17:21)

“I Am That I Am.” (The Old Testament — Exodus 3:14)

God lives in the heart of every being” (Bhagavad Gita 18-61)

Aham Brahmasmi, “I am the Absolute” (Yajur Veda)

Ana’l-Haqq, “I am the Truth” or “I am God,” said al-Hallaj Mansur (858-922), a famous Sufi saint.

“Having created the physical bodies of all creatures, God Himself entered into them to make them alive and active.” (Taittiriya Upanishad)

Even though God abides everywhere, in every pore of the body, when it is said God abides in your heart, the “heart” means the core of your being — beyond your physical body and mind. Beyond the waking, dreaming, and sleeping states of your mind is the fourth state called turiya in Sanskrit. This turiya state is the core of your being and is, therefore, called heart (Hridaya in Sanskrit).

To experience this heart where God resides, you first must understand the secret of how breathing works. You are aware that the same breath, which comes in, goes out, but are you aware of the place, the gap where it merges and then the incoming breath becomes the outgoing? This place, where the breath merges, is the heart, the abode of God or Self.

The esoteric verse 24 of Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, an ancient treatise considered the supreme authority on Self-realization techniques, reveals the breath awareness on the heart as follows:

Ordhve prano hy adho jivo, visargatma paroccaret

Utpattidvitayasthane, bharanad bharita sthitih // 24 //

Translation:

Radiant One, this experience may dawn between two breaths. After breath comes in (down) and just before turning up (out)—the beneficence.” (Source: Zen Flesh, Zen Bones by Paul Reps)

For understanding the above-mentioned verse 24 of Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, you may refer to my book, Building a Noble World. (Chapter 3, Yoga: The Highest of All Unions). In this book, you will find my own experience of Kundalini awakening: transcending physical body and mind and experiencing absolute reality. I also answer questions about body, mind, and Spirit as well as the fundamental truth we all share.

Why do humans do bad things?

भ्रामयन्सर्वभूतानि यन्त्रारूढानि मायया ॥ १८ -६१॥

bhraamayansarvabhootaani, yantraroodhaani maayayaa ||18- 61 ||

[by His cosmic delusion (maya) compels all beings to rotate as if attached to a machine.]

You ask: Why do human beings do bad things? Because bad action –impressions (called samskaras) have not been destroyed. Everyone is born with embedded impressions. Good Samskaras cause good actions whereas bad Samskaras cause bad actions. They do not cancel out each other. Consequently, all your bad actions harm you, not others, and all your good actions benefit you.

Everything – hearing, feeling, seeing, tasting, smelling – builds up impressions. Whatever thoughts one thinks, whatever words one speaks, and whatever actions one performs, get stored as impressions in the central nerve of one’s subtle body (also called mind), not the physical body. These impressions stored in the subtle body even get carried forward from one lifetime to another because the death of the physical body is not the death of the subtle body (mind).

As long as you identify yourself with your body-mind, God causes you to rotate in the perpetual cycle of birth and death as if mounted on a machine. Understand: If you are identified with your body-mind, which is born from nature (Prakriti in Sanskrit), you are nothing but a machine. Then, the law of cause and effect operates. In the world of cause and effect, everything is predetermined by your past impressions of karma.

Because God has given you intellect, you reap the fruits of your own good and bad decisions. God neither punishes nor rewards you.

If you identify yourself as a separate “I am”/Self from your body-mind, then you transcend the gravity of karma. Then, the law of cause and effect will not operate at all. For example, when a person steals, it is his body-mind that compels him to do so. All karma/activity, virtuous or sinful, belongs to nature. There is no karma whatsoever is ever committed by the innermost Self/Spirit (called atman).

The presence of the Self/Spirit is essential to activate the body-mind but this presence merely acts as a catalyst agent. To understand this, think of making the water. When producing the water from hydrogen and oxygen, the electric current merely serves as a catalyst agent; it does not enter into the water. Similarly, when you identify yourself with your innermost Self, you are never involved as a doer and therefore, you become free of your bad-action impressions. This is the way to get rid of all your bad action –impressions (samskaras).

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